23 Nov 15

Evaluating supply chain impacts with GRI and UN Global Compact

GRI_UNGC.pngThe term ‘supply chain sustainability’ refers to the management of environmental, social and economic impacts, and the encouragement of ethical governance practices [1] in the supply chain. Managing supply chain sustainability is not only the right thing to do in terms of ethical business practice; it also makes good business sense. As regulatory and consumer demand for transparency in the supply chain increases, businesses of all sizes need to look at the sustainability impacts of their business operations through the value chain.

Below we outline how UNGC and GRI can help organisations get a better understanding of, and report on, the impacts of their supply chain.

The UN Global Compact

The UN Global Compact (UNGC) is a United Nations initiative to encourage responsible business.  Supply chain sustainability can be applied through its 10 principles, covering human rights, labour, the environment, and anti-corruption. Companies who are signatories to the UNGC are required to communicate annually with stakeholders on their progress towards implementing the UNGC principles. This is carried out through a Communication on Progress (COP) report.

The UNGC recommends embedding the 10 principles into a supplier code of conduct. Sample policy areas for a UNGC aligned supplier code of conduct are given below. The list is not exhaustive and companies may need to consider additional impact areas depending on their situation.


Organisations should identify relevant impact areas based on their sector, and tailor supplier codes of conduct accordingly.

The UNGC website contains a number of documents to guide organisations through the process of establishing a supplier code of conduct which aligns with UNGC principles.

Once a supplier code of conduct has been established to reflect areas material to CSR and business risk, the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) provides a framework to allow organisations to measure and report on key impact or risk areas.

GRI G4 Guidelines

As well as enabling organisations to report on direct business impacts, the GRI G4 guidelines provide a platform for reporting on supplier specific aspects for procurement practices, supplier environmental impact, supplier labour practices, supplier human rights and supplier impact on society.

Each area requires reporting on the percentage of suppliers screened,  assessment of actual and potential impacts, and remedial actions taken. By improving awareness and transparency in each of these key areas, GRI is enabling businesses to achieve a level of supply chain governance that helps prevent reputational and regulatory risks. This ethical and sustainable approach may also drive additional business benefits such as increased efficiency and productivity, as well as improving the quality and reliability of value chain partners.

In summary

Both the UNGC and GRI provide a set of guiding principles for considering supply chain sustainability. In order to be able to report on their supply chain, organisations must have a clear procedure in place for measuring and tracking performance. Companies need to establish exactly what data needs collecting, how that data will be collected, and finally how the data will be used.

Reporting through frameworks like the UNGC or GRI provides a source of best practice for analysing sustainability performance, enables benchmarking with respect to performance standards or initiatives, and by going through the steps required to report, it encourages self-evaluation and improvement1.

For advice on what you need to consider when moving your supplier data collection process online, please read our previous blog article on the subject.

[1] Reference 1


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